Make your online presence fit in with the French market

A guide to localisation for France

1 Overview

We’ve created this guide to help you get closer to your French customers. A web presence that is in tune with France’s culture will make your customers feel well disposed to you, and give them confidence in doing business with you. Get the little details right, and you'll be in a good position right from the start in your new market.

2 The main language

French is the main spoken and written language in France.

3 Formality

Should you be formal or informal when addressing your customers?

In France, most communication is formal. Your customers should be addressed in a formal, friendly way in most modes of communication.

The French use the formal form of address “vous” unless teenagers or children are being spoken to, and then it is “tu.”

Major marketing campaigns in France are often playful and informal. However, do not assume that you can address your customers individually this way. Being formal is less likely to cause offence.

Letter and email sign offs are often formal and should as a minimum say “kindest regards.”

If you are addressing teenagers, or people between 20 and 40 years old, your sign off doesn’t need to be formal. A “thanks” or “merci” is fine.

If you have a financial product, a legal service, or are talking about money, you should always adopt a more formal tone and style.

4 Numbering systems and formats

Numerals

Decimal separator

This is a comma (,). e.g. 1,5 hours

Thousands and decimals

The thousand separator is a space. e.g. 1 524 people

Telephone numbers

The country code is +33. Telephone numbers are usually in the format (+33) 1 23 45 67 89. Domestic numbers have a two digit code (e.g. 04), with the 0 dropped when calling from abroad.

Without the country code, telephone numbers are written with the two digit local code,
e.g. 04 00 11 22 33.

All mobile numbers include 10 digits. They have the prefix 06 or 07,
e.g. 06 00 11 22 33
07 00 11 22 33

Mobile numbers with a country code use this format,
e.g. +33 6 00 11 22 33
+33 7 00 11 22 33

Freephone numbers span from 0800 to 0805.

Good to know

The French normally write out numerals from 1–9 (one, five, nine) and double digits are written as numerals, i.e. 12, 24, etc.

5 Currency format

The French trade in Euros. This is represented by the euro symbol €. Its trading three letter code is EUR. The € is placed after the figure with a space. The coin denomination is the cent represented by a c.

The note denominations are 500€ 200€ 100€ 50€ 10€.
The coin denominations are 50c, 20c, 10c, 5c, 2c, and 1c.

When writing a legal document or contract it is compulsory to write the code EUR after the figure e.g “the amount required is 200 EUR.”

6 Dates, times, and working days

Date and time formats

In France the date format is DD/MM/YY or DD/MM/YYYY, e.g. 24/03/17 or 24/03/2017.

If written out in full, it should be "monday 5 june 2017" ("lundi 5 juin 2017").

There is no uppercase in days and months, and no ordinals like “th” or “nd”. The exception is for “st” where it is written as “er”,
e.g. "jeudi 1er juin 2017".

7 Hour formats

The French usually use the 24-hour clock in writing and when speaking, although the 12-hour clock is used sometimes in everyday, informal speech.

The French do not have a p.m. or an a.m notation. This is why they use the 24-hour format in both speech and in writing, because it clearly states whether it is 10 o’clock in the morning or 10 o’clock in the evening.

The 24-hour format has an h as a separator (h means heure “hour”), e.g.16 h 05.

A more informal way of writing this is 16h05 with all the characters bunched together.

The minutes are usually written with a leading zero, but can be written without the leading zero, e.g.16 h 5.

The 24-hour format is favoured on digital devices like PCs, phones, tablets, etc. and is the standard format on Android where the separator is a colon, e.g. 14:24.

8 Working days

Standard working days are Monday to Friday. All offices are closed on Saturdays and Sundays.

Most shops and many offices close for at least one hour between 12pm and 1pm, with many staying closed until 2pm. This tradition is becoming less common in larger cities like Paris and Lyon.

9 Important rules

Here are the top seven translation tips that will make you sound like a local in no time:

  1. Take a note of spelling, punctuation, pricing, date formats, measurements, and terminology. The French are very sensitive to language quality, so if the language is not correct the assumption will be that your service or product is not credible

  2. Avoid using an informal tone with professionals: this should be reserved for communications with teenagers

  3. Take account of cultural differences so you don’t confuse or offend your French audience. For example, don’t mention Boxing Day in a promotion or assume that it is understood in the France

  4. The use of bad grammar in a source text can cause an incorrect translation

  5. Use native translators and avoid automated translations as this will give more of a local flavour to your communications

  6. Make sure your customer’s journey is a pleasant one: keep any steps clear and short to help them complete an action. Complex steps could make your customers leave your site

  7. Ensure that your FAQ and Support Sections are localised

10 Additional guidelines

Discover how to ensure your website is local in tone and language in our website localisation guide.